Colon Cancer Affects Men and Women Equally

Most cases of colon cancer begin as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells called adenomatous polyps. Cancerous tumors found in the colon or rectum also may spread to other parts of the body. Cancer of the colon and rectum (colorectal cancer) is a malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine. If signs and symptoms of colon cancer do appear, they may include changes in bowel habits, blood in your stool, persistent cramping, gas or abdominal pain.  Since colon cancer can grow for years without causing any symptoms, it’s best to get regular colon cancer screenings.


Almost all men and women age 50 and older should have a colon cancer screening. Screening tests can help prevent colorectal cancer by finding pre-cancerous polyps so they can be removed before they turn into cancer. For normal risk individuals, screening tests begin at age 50 and the preferred approach is a screening colonoscopy every 10 years; an alternate strategy consists of annual stool test for blood and a flexible sigmoidoscopic exam every 3 to 5 years.


Special screening programs are used for those with a family history of colorectal cancer. Colonoscopic surveillance (also called screening colonoscopy) needs to be available at more frequent intervals for individuals at high risk for colon cancer (for instance, those with a personal history of colorectal cancer or adenomatous polyps; family history of colorectal cancer; non-hereditary polyposis; colorectal cancer; or a pre-disposing condition such as inflammatory bowel disease. Since your genes cannot be changed, if there is a family history of colon polyps or cancer, a colonoscopy should be performed to remove the polyps before they become malignant.


In the area of prevention, researchers are looking at the effects of curcumin (found in curry), resveratrol (found in red wine), ginger and the Mediterranean diet on the growth and development of colon cancer. Recent research suggests that a high fiber, low-fat diet plays a role in prevention; how great a role it plays is unclear.   Although the exact cause of colorectal cancer is not known, it is believed that it is possible to prevent many colon cancers through:  diet and exercise.   Therefore, it is important to manage the risk factors you can control, such as diet and exercise.


Consciously improving one’s diet in most cases shall include a mental shift in attitude towards improving nutrition, removing toxins, returning the desired flora in your internal system, maintaining a balanced pH level in the body, and also improving the overall mind – body relationship.     An individual’s diet is considered to play an important role in possibly preventing the development of colon cancer. Diets that are high in fat and low in fruits and vegetables, such as those that include an abundance of red meat, fried foods, and high-fat dairy products, may increase the risk of colorectal cancer.


Exercise helps tie the mind – body relationship knot.   Participating in a regular exercise program is believed to reduce the risk of colon cancer.   Light to Moderate exercise is not only a way of getting the blood circulating in your body, it is a way for you to significantly reduce your stress levels.   Gentle, no-impact exercise is not only safe but extremely beneficial for people of all ages in that high levels of stress may increase one’s risk of cancer.    There are tons of exercise programs and plans out there to choose from that and there is an exercise program that will fit your life and personality.   One suggestion that we have is a regiment of daily walking for a minimum of 12-15 minutes a day as light exercise is known to be beneficial to the colon function.

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